By: mytapu webmaster | November 19, 2017

Is my property legal? Do I have a habitation certificate? What is a habitation certificate?

These questions are frequently asked by foreign property owners in Turkey. And with some trepidation, fearing the answer will be for the worst.


To begin with, let’s clear up some common misconceptions….


First, to be perfectly correct, technically speaking, there is no such thing as a ‘habitation certificate’. The reason this term is so widely used is because in the early days of doing business for foreign property buyers in Turkey, someone adopted this term instead of the correct terminology- which is  ‘Building Utilisation Permit’, referring to the Turkish Yapi Kullanma Izin Belgesi. If the Building Utilisation Permit authorises the constructed premises for use as a residential dwelling, it is legally habitable. If there is no Yapi Kullanma Izin Belgesi issued, the property is not legally habitable.


Second, a Tapu does not show whether the Yapi Kullanma Izin Belgesi has been issued. What the tapu shows is whether the property has had the easements lifted, if it has been constructed on a land share parcel. If it has, the term ‘kat irtifaki’ will be replaced with kat mulkiyeti’, meaning the property development has passed through the stage of having the easements lifted and property ownership rights granted (the nearest equivalent is ‘condominium’ type rights-  not leasehold, not freehold, and not some other form of usufrucht). And this can not have occurred unless and until the Yapi Kullanma Izin Belgesi has been granted. If the property is a ‘stand alone’ villa, and is in the municipal zoning plan, or has received the construction permit ( yapi ruhsati),  the tapu will show a notation stating ‘Planindir’ or ‘Mustakli’, but these notations in themselves do not evidence a Yapi Kullanma Izin Belgesi... unless there is another notation on the tapu, only the Iskan will suffice as proof.


So, in summary, your tapu will not say where, when, or to whom the Building Utilisation Permit was granted, but it will reveal, by inference, what stage of the planning and permits process has been reached, or perhaps whether one has been granted, and thus whether the property is legally habitable.

Clear as mud? Contact us with the form on the 'ADVICE' page and upload a scan of your tapu, to find out more.

No Habitation Certificate ?

Un-authorised additions and changes to your property ?

Fix it all with the ‘Iskan Amnesty’ ...               

Stay informed about property matters in Turkey, with articles like this one…sign-up for our periodic Newsletter here…or here…


At our policy is to ensure our clients are fully informed, so that they may make fully informed decisions- this helps to ensure better outcomes all around. 


Additional Reading:

Legal Work on Property Matters

Property Selller’s  Tool-Kit for Turkey

ShowCase Solutions

Digital On-Line Sales Distribution

Peer-to-Peer On-Line Exchanges

Conveyancing & Completion

Advice for Property Matters in Turkey

All Articles




Building Trusted Relationships is Building Our Business...!

See What Our Clients Say About Us...



Posted on : January 06, 2018

Hello Daffyd, some of these issues are quite lengthy and are better
covered by email... .<br />
<br />
Customers interested in finding out more about what their tapu says are
invited to have a free brief summary assessment... and then the specific
issues involved can be addressed... please go the ADVICE page under the
drop down menu &#39;MORE&#39; or copy and paste this link into your
browser to do so... <br />
<br /><br />


Posted on : November 21, 2017

Hi there, <br />
<br />
So, is it reasonable to assume that many residences for sale, due to
their age, will likely not have, what constitutes today a prerequisite
for modern buyers, a ‘Building Utilisation Permit’ ? (referring to the
&#39;Turkish Yapi Kullanma Izin Belgesi ?&#39;)<br />
<br />
Out of idle curiosity, when was this legal distinction first introduced
to Turkey?<br />
<br />
You say:- &quot;.. the tapu will show a notation stating ‘Planindir’ or ‘Mustakli’.&quot;<br />
These words meaning what, precisely ? And where/how do I locate the one
or the other on my Tapu? .. ( And can I have both? is it better? :)<br />
<br />
All &#39;mish&#39; to me ..;)<br />
Thanking you in advance,<br />
<br />
Globally warmest greetings, <br />
Daffyd <br />

Post a Comment


Buy Property in Turkey

Sell Property in Turkey

Legal Advice for Turkish Property

Mortgages in Turkey

Property Insurance forTurkey

What Does My Tapu Say

Eksper Rapor and Appraisals

Turkey Property Legal Advice

Eksper Rapor Appraisals

Habitation Certificate






Turkey Property Tax

Turkey Rental Income Tax

Digital Marketing at mytapu

Selling Property in Turkey

mytapu com

buying property in Turkey

finding property in Turkey

Turkish Vilas

Turkish Lira exchange rates

property show case

sell real estate


Show case

kat irtifaki

kat mulkiyeti

Holiday home rentals

Rental Income in Lira


Government Habitation Amnesty

Property habitation permits Habitation certificate

Iskan Habitation Fines

Kat İrtifaklı

Yapı Kayıt Belgesi

Property habitation permits

Habitation certificate

Habitation Fines

Kat İrtifakı





Real Estate

Transaction Management

Property Investment Citizenship


property finders in Istanbul Turkey


Digital Services Real Estate Property istanbul Turkey

buying real estate in turkey

buying procedure

buying real estate property Istanbul Turkey

Property Finder

Real Estate Sourcing

Property Search Sourcing


Legal Case Management

Legal Oversight






Buying Property in Turkey

Reservation deposits

Foreign Buyers



Profit Margins

Housing Activity



Lifestyle Investment Property

The Best Way for buying property in Turkey

on-line portals

on-line markets

online exchanges

Independent Impartial Advice for Property and Real Estate in Turkey

Property Turkey

Buy property in Dalyan

Free Guide

Owner s Tool Kit

Yapi Kayit Belgesi


Investment services for buying property and residential real estate in Istanbul and Turkey

Property Investment in Turkey

Покупка и продажа недвижимости в Стамбуле и Турции

Turkish Mortgages

Property Prices in Turkey

Property Prices in Istanbul and Turkey

low appraisal valuations in Turkey

Buy Property Bargains in Turkey

Property Market Price Trends

Eksper appraisal valuation property reports Istanbul Turkey

Tags inward investment promotion

international collaboration

TV Film Production costs

TV Film production centres

Foreign capital flow

Istanbul real estate investment

Turkey’s Citizenship Investment Program

Rise of Empires Ottoman

Emre C Sahin

Tuba Buykustun

Damla Sonmez

Cem Yigit Uzumoglu

Eva Dedova

Ryan OL


turkdizi turkishdrama turkishseries actor turkishactors movies الهلال النصر لقطة اليوم

Turkey Citizenship Investment

Citizenship Investment Turkey

2nd passport

second passport

no tax

no residency requirement

apply without travelling

apply without visiting

apply from home

apply remotely

propertyturkey tax notax 2ndpassport

The Guide to Buying Property in Turkey

Investment in Turkey

Long-Short Market Neutral Alpha Tilt Investment Hedge Fund